2014년 11월에 시행한 해양경찰공무원 시험 영어 기출문제입니다.

1. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오.
At the first flash of lightning, they scurried for the shelter from the impending storm.
① imminent
② impartial
③ disastrous
④ abnormal

2. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
The IMF, formed originally to _______ the global financial system, has provided financial assistance and advice to countries suffering currency problems.
① disrupt
② simplify
③ penalize
④ stabilize

3. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.
Officials believe it an economic _______ to increase export over the next ten months in order to maintain a healthy trade balance.
① imperative
② regulation
③ assimilation
④ directive

4. 다음 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것은?
Many of the executives had left for the day on a bus to visit a museum, part of the company's leisure activities before they got down to discussing crucial issues again later in the afternoon.
① quit
② began
③ postponed
④ appreciated

5. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
Amy seems to hate making plans. She always tends to _________  
① pay off
② pull strings
③ put in order
④ play it by ear

6. 다음 중 우리말을 영어로 바르게 옮긴 것은?
① 그가 그런 어리석은 짓을 했을 리가 없다.
  → He could have done such a stupid thing.
② 그는 전망이 좋은 별장에서 지낼 예정이다.
   → He is going to stay in the villa where commands a fine view
③ 인사과는 많은 가구를 구입했다.
  → The personnel department bought many furnitures.
④ 내 딸은 아직 학교에 갈 나이가 안 되었다.
  → My daughter is not yet old enough to go to school.

7. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것은?
Moreover, lawmakers have so many other issues to (A)deal during the remainder of the 20-day inspection. Foremost among them are deteriorating economic conditions, (B)ranging from slowing growth and the (C)worsening job market to property bubbles and wilting entrepreneurship. Lawmakers would earn our praise if they drew public attention to those (D)pressing issues and present alternatives to failing government policies.
① (A)
② (B)
③ (C)
④ (D)

8. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 틀린 것은?
People in positions of authority can have greater influence on us than other since we expect to turn to ① them for help and guidance. We learn about our world in large part through the messages and examples ② passed on by authority figures, and we imbue them with special expectations. We look to people who are experts, those who have greater knowledge in a particular area than we ③ are. Sometimes we learn from them in conscious ways, but often we are not fully aware how much an authority's influence affects us at the time. You may not know the impact others ④ have had on you until much later, or until you explore the root causes of you beliefs.

9. 다음 (A)과 (B)에서 어법상 올바른 것을 알맞게 짝지은 것은?
Children's use of new technologies, including computers, cameras, mobile phones, and the range of other electronic toys, will continue to be (A) [extended/extending], and children will bring these experiences to schools. This will impact the ways in which they will want to play and use what is available in the classroom. Educators should take this into consideration when planning learning activities. The resources and playthings that children have before coming to school are becoming increasingly influential in shaping (B)[that/what] they are able to do. As these become more sophisticated, the gap between what is available in school and what can be found out of it becomes wider.
(A) (B) (A) (B)
① extended that ② extended what
③ extending that ④ extending what

10. 다음 상황에서 남자가 할 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
W : So, what do you think of it?
M : Well, I don''t know. What you're asking is a bit steep for this model and year?
W : Maybe, but it's practically in good condition, and the mileage is very good.
M : Couldn't you come down a bit?
W : Why don't you take it for a test-drive first? I think you'll see it's worth what I'm asking.
M : _______________________.
① Well, if you say so, I'll give it a shot.
② Trust me, would I lie to you?
③ I can't take the credit for it.
④ No problem. That always happens to me, too.

11. 다음 상황에서, 여자가 할 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
W : I'm calling to ask about the sale you advertised in last Sunday's newspaper
M : Yes, our summer clearance sale.
W : Right. Is that 50% off everything in the store, or just selected items?
M : Everything in the store, but actually it's 20% now.
W : How come? The ad says half price.
M : Fifty percent was only for the first two days.
W : ______________________.
① Oh, that's great. Can I see them, please?
② Okay. Let me check to see if it's possible.
③ I'll pay using the three-month installment plan.
④ That's too bad. I guess I should have gone yesterday.

12. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분 중, 문맥상 낱말의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은?
Nobody likes to be ①criticized. And to some extent, everyone displays some measure of defensiveness, the impulse to reject any and all criticisms by denying their ②validity or undermining the messenger.
Unfortunately, defensiveness does not serve you. It encourages you to ③accept potentially useful feedback, which inhibits your ability to improve. Know that you are ④capable, and show it. But do not fight criticism merely because you can.

13. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은?
Our culture supports the idea that happiness is a constant state of mind for humans. However, there are many problems in life that will cause emotional pain including death, illness, work stress, divorce and accidents. Also, statistics indicate that one in five adults will experience depression. These facts highlight that it would not be natural for happiness to be a constant state of being, especially when we have just experienced a loss or trauma. However, happiness can occur frequently and is often a spontaneous feeling. The trick is that we might not take the time to be mindful of it and enjoy it fully when it happens. Many people believe everyone else is happy except themselves, which is actually not the case and again may lead to unhappiness.
① 인생의 행복은 주변 환경에 의해 영향을 받는다.
② 우울증을 극복하기 위해 전문가의 상담을 받아야 한다.
③ 행복을 충분히 느끼려는 의식적인 노력이 필요하다.
④ 정서적인 고통이 불행을 유발한다.

14. 다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?
There are more than 3 million CCTV cameras operating in the country. People believe that CCTV can prevent crimes because potential criminals won't commit them out of fear of being caught on tape. However, the use of CCTV can invade privacy. Cameras are installed by offices, shops, schools, and individuals, which also record the innocent people passing by them. There are even people who install CCTV cameras that point at their neighbor's homes and stores. It's against the law, but they're rarely punished. Additionally the city police admit that CCTV is not very effective in fighting crime. I think the government should take actions to decrease the number of CCTV cameras and protect the citizen' rights to privacy.
① possibility of preventing crimes by CCTV
② necessity of reducing CCTV in operation
③ reasons of making law protecting privacy
④ way of installing CCTV camera in offices

15. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
__________ is nothing but bad news. Why? Because we're all on different development timetables socially, mentally, and physically. Since we all bake differently, we shouldn't keep opening the oven door to see how well our cake is rising compared to our neighbor's, or our own cake won't rise at all. Although some of us are like the popular tree which grows like a weed the moment it's planted, others are like the bamboo tree which shows no growth for four years but then grows ninety feet in year five.
① Having a proper role model
② Negotiating with excessive confidence
③ Devoting yourself to a single task
④ Comparing yourself to others

16. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
Why is it that we know so little about the oceans that surround us?
Perhaps it is because, for centuries, people thought of the ocean as just a travel network. It was a way to get from one place to another. Most ocean travelers stayed close to the coast. Their goal was not to explore the ocean but rather to find new trade routes for the exchange of spices and other goods. To early sailors, the ocean was also a frightening place, full of dangerous creatures. They thought that, deep below, the ocean was a dark and lifeless place. Believing this, people had little _________ to explore the ocean depths.
① threat
② resource
③ incentive
④ equipment

17. 다음 글의 빈칸(A), (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
In a free enterprise system, businesses are organized, owned, operated, and controlled by private individuals who have the right to a profit(or must suffer the loss) from operations. The system results from the free association of people in a free society. Under this system, you can organize any business the law allows, produce whatever you wish, charge whatever you want, or even sell your interest in the firm.
In reality, (A)________ , a business can succeed only if it produces a product or service that the public wants, sells it at a price people are willing to pay, does the job somehow better than the competition, and makes a profit for its efforts. (B)________ , government regulations and the legal system set limits on certain types of products, businesses, and pricing.
① however - Consequently
② however - In addition
③ for instance - Instead
④ for instance - Conversely

18. 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
In a study conducted by Carol Dweck and Claudia Mueller of Columbia University, fifth graders were evaluated to determine how different kinds of praise affected their performances. The students were given three sets of problems - the first relatively easy, the second nearly impossible, and the third simple. Dweck and Mueller found that offering the praise "You did really well. You must be really smart!" to one group resulted in a 25 percent drop in performance on the third set of problems, after they had failed the second set. Conversely, the group that received praise that focused on their ________ (You did really well. You must have worked really hard!") improved their performance by 25 percent. The 'smart' group got discouraged, doubting their abilities, while the 'hard-working' group persisted, feeling that if they tried hard enough, they would succeed.
① intellect
② effort
③ creativity
④ imagination

19. 다음 (A)와 (B)에서 문맥상 적절한 단어를 알맞게 짝지은 것은?
Morse code is a method of transmitting text information as a series of on-off tones, lights, or clicks that can be directly understood without special equipment. Each letter is represented by a (A)[unique/ordinary] sequence of dots and dashes. The duration of a dash is three times the duration of a dot. Each dot or dash is followed by a short silence, equal to the dot duration. The letters of a word are (B)[integrated/separated] by a space equal to three dots, and the words are disconnected by a space equal to seven dots. For efficiency, the length of each character in Morse is approximately inversely proportional to its frequency of occurrence in English.

20. Bearded dragon에 관한 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않은 것은?
Bearded dragons are lizards that are native to Australia. They live in rocky and arid regions of the country and are adept climbers. In the wild they can be found on branches, basking on rocks, and staying cool in bushes and other shaded area. They have large triangular heads and flat bodies with pointed ridges along the sides. Their scales are spiny and appear dangerous but are soft, flexible, and not very sharp. They are omnivorous, eating a wide of variety of food including both insects and plants. These reptiles grow to be 16 to 24 inches long. They are active during the day, and are gentle. And they make a great pet reptile with limited care requirement.
① 바위 위에서 햇볕을 쪼이는 모습이 관찰되기도 한다.
② 삼각형의 머리와 납작한 몸을 갖고 있다.
③ 잡식성으로 다양한 종류의 먹이를 먹는다.
④ 애완용으로 가능하지만 손이 많이 가는 편이다.

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