2009년 5월 30일에 시행한 국회직(국회사무처) 9급 공무원 시험 영어 기출문제입니다.

※ 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.(1-2)

문 1. The Red Cross provides relief in case of _______ such as hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes.
① challenges
② calamities
③ commodities
④ carnages
⑤ casualties

문 2. Have you moved recently? State law requires you to report address changes for your driver's license and vehicle registration______________. Pleasereport changes at your local license branch to avoid ____________, which may include license suspension.
① collectively-courtesy
② accurately-destinations
③ alternatively-punishment
④ immediately-sanctions
⑤ exclusively-enforcement

※ 다음 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오.(3-5)

문 3. In China, where black hair is the norm, her blonde hair was conspicuous.
① beautiful
② unfamiliar
③ noticeable
④ awkward
⑤ different

문 4. All my attempts to cheer her up proved futile.
① unbearable
② unsuccessful 
③ unfortunate
④ unhappy 
⑤ unthinkable

문 5. Judging by their frugal lifestyle, you would never guess they were rich.
① thrifty
② poor
③ small
④ wasteful
⑤ unhappy

※ 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.(6-8)

문 6. It is not easy to determine precisely _______.
① what does the center of the earth consist of
② what the center of the earth consists of
③ the center of the earth consists of what
④ of what does the center of the earth consist
⑤ what of the center of the earth consists

문 7. A car has several sections with moving parts, ____________ of those parts is essential.
① and good lubrication
② and well lubricated
③ good lubrication
④ well lubricated
⑤ and well lubricating

문 8. The flora of the arid American Southwest is less varied than _______.
① the Southeast is semi-tropical
② it is the semi-tropical Southeast
③ it is semi-tropical in the Southeast
④ the semi-tropical Southeast
⑤ that of the semi-tropical Southeast

※ 다음 중 어법상 잘못된 부분을 고르시오.(9-10)

문 9. A ①hugeamount of immigrants ③passedthrough the Great Hall ⑤on Ellis Island between 1892 and 1954.

문 10. Water particles ①carried toa great height freeze into ice particles and ③are swept upward and ④refrozen repeatedly until they are ⑤enough heavy to fall as hail.

※ 아래 대화를 읽고 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르시오.

문 11.
A: Let me help you with that luggage.
B: __________. I have a cart to put my suitcases on.
① Thanks a lot
② I hope so
③ Be my guest
④ By all means
⑤ Don't bother

※ 다음 글을 읽고 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.(12-13)

문 12. All people are more or less influenced by the speech, the manners, the gestures, and even the thinking habits of those around them. Let a young man, therefore, associate with men better than himself, and especially those who do not possess the kind of fault that he finds difficult to conquer. Their example is always inspiring. A young man corrects his own conduct by theirs, and becomes a partner in their wisdom. If they are stronger in will or character than he is, he becomes a participator in their strength. This is all possible because men are, by nature, ____________.
① leaders
② dominators
③ imitators
④ cowards
⑤ conquerors 

문 13. I have hardly stopped caring for my body. But now I do it more realistically and with a different purpose in mind. I am conscious of what I eat in order to maintain a more powerful immune system, not to force myself into a popular size. I employ the use of weights to remain strong, not to win a wet T-shirt contest. And the physical feats I may attempt are for ____________ and do not require audience approval.
① others' satisfaction
② the eyes of my neighbors
③ my own satisfaction
④ popularity
⑤ men's magazines

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.(14-15)

A massive banking crisis occurred in the United States in 1933. In the two preceding years, a large number of banks had failed, and fear of losing savings had prompted many depositors to remove their funds from banks. Problems became so serious in the state of Michigan that Governor William A. Comstock was forced to declare a moratorium on all banking activities in the state on February 14, 1933. The panic in Michigan quickly spread to other states, and on March 6, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared a banking moratorium throughout the United States, which left the entire country without banking services. Congress immediately met in a special session to solve the banking crisis and on March 9 passed the Emergency Banking Act of 1933 to assist financially healthy banks to reopen. By March 15, banks controlling 90 percent of the country's financial reserves were again open for business.

문 14. Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?
① Contrasting the past and the current facts
② Opposing viewpoints of an issue
③ A problem and its solution
④ A theme followed by an example
⑤ A detailed definition of a terminology

문 15. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
① The Emergency Banking Act helped all banks to reopen.
② Ninety percent of the banks reopened by the middle of March.
③ Congress did not give any special priority to the banking situation.
④ Depositors stopped withdrawing their funds owing to the passed bill.
⑤ Ten percent of the country's money was in financially unhealthy banks.

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

 Part of the relation between genes and weight is also due to each person's "set point" for his or her body weight. A person's body will naturally try to keep the level of fat at one level, the person's set point. Every time a person loses or gains weight, the body's set point tries to change the person's metabolism to regain or lose the new weight. For example, when a person goes on a diet, her or his weight goes below the set point. Then the person's body slows down the metabolism to gain the weight back. When a person gains weight over the body's set point, the person's metabolism speeds up to lose the extra weight by burning calories faster. It is possible to change a person's set point if the person does not get enough exercise over a long period of time, or continues to eat foods with a lot of fat. A person's genes may also make it easier to change the normal set point in the person's body.

문 16. Which of the following is NOT correct?
① Genes may contribute to one's weight problems.
② A person can change his or her set point.
③ A person's set point tries to keep the level of fat constant.
④ When the fat amount in the body changes, a person's metabolism will either speed up or slow down.
⑤ A person's set point changes as soon as the person gains weight.

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

The average book readers spend more than one hour a day poring over the pages, often just before bed. Readers are not an idle lot. They are busy people, tennis players, skiers, gardeners. "TV isn't really a problem," insists Jack T. Smith, director of the Center for Books. Reading experts say that television programs based on books actually stimulate book sales. People find time to read because they enjoy reading, and they adjust their schedules to include time to pursue this activity.

문 17. The above passage is about .
① popular outdoor sports
② educational effects of TV programs
③ life of busy people
④ favorite programs of TV viewers
⑤ the continuing popularity of reading

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

Shadow is one of the easiest to perceive of all nature's beauties. As one may see the charm of a profile for the first time when looking at a silhouette, so one becomes aware of the perfection of a natural outline more quickly by seeing it drawn in one color. It is much simpler to trace the outline of an ash tree when it lies on the grass in shadow than when the eyes are dazzled by the vivid green and clustering scarlet of berry and leaf against the sky. It has become a blue tree on the green canvas of a field. Without shadow things would seem unreal, unbreathing as figures in a dream. With it come reality and rounded loveliness. It is only the bare winter tree, the barren heart, that is shadowless.

문 18. The title that best expresses the ideas of the above passage is .
① Beauties of Nature 
② Shadows of Winter Trees
③ The Unreality of Shadows
④ The Perfection of Shadows
⑤ Values of Shadows

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

We must realize the futility of trying to impose our will upon our children. No amount of punishment will bring about lasting submission. Today's children are willing to take any amount of punishment in order to assert their "rights." Confused and bewildered parents mistakenly hope that punishment will eventually bring results, without realizing that they are actually getting nowhere with their methods. At best, they gain only temporary results from punishment. When the same punishment has to be repeated again and again, it should be obvious that it does not work.

문 19. Which of the following best describes the author's attitude toward punishment in the passage?
① Approving
② Critical
③ Sympathetic
④ Indifferent
⑤ Enthusiastic

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.
Tulips are native to Central Asia. Well over 100 kinds are known to grow wild in the countries of Nepal, Iran, Afghanistan, and Turkey. European explorers and traders brought tulips from Turkey in the 1500's. Tulips require the type of cold winters typical in Europe in order to grow and bloom in spring. The climate of the Netherlands is especially well suited for growing tulips. By the 1600's, growing tulips was becoming a national hobby in the Netherlands. People collected many different varieties of tulips in their gardens. People invested in rare and beautiful tulips hoping to make a profit from other collectors. Some people in the Netherlands were actually investing their life savings in rare tulips. For a while in the 1600's, so many people in the Netherlands spent so much of their time and money on tulips that other work and industry suffered. The country might have gone bankrupt if the government had not regulated investments in tulips. Once the government stepped in, tulip production quickly became a profitable source of world trade for the Netherlands.

문 20. Which of the following is NOT correct?
① A cold winter is very important for tulips to have flowers in spring.
② Many kinds of tulips are found in Central Asian countries.
③ Some people in the Netherlands invested all their money in rare tulips.
④ The extreme interest in rare flowers once caused the industry to develop quickly.
⑤ After the governmental intervention, investing in tulips became very profitable in its international trade.

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