1998년 2월 22일에 시행한 법원직 9급 공무원 시험 영어 기출문제입니다.

1. 다음 밑줄 친 곳에 알맞은 것은 ?
 Dennis : Gee, I haven't been back to Cambridge in years, since we graduated.... Has it changed much ?
 Nancy : Oh, not that much. You'd still recognize it ! You know, it's great seeing you again. I've really lost touch with everyone from back then.
 Dennis : So have I. ________________.
 Nancy : Listen, why don't we go to get some coffee somewhere ?
 Dennis : Oh, I'd liked to , but I've got to get going. I teach at four. But how about dinner ? You and your husband can meet me after my class.
 Nancy : sounds great !
 ① Let's have a look at that.
 ② There used to be a big tree there.
 ③ So, how have you been ? What brings you to Seoul ?
 ④ Let's keep in touch....

2. 다음 짝지어진 대화 중 어색한 것을 고르면 ?
 ① A: What do you suggest I order ?
    B: If you like seafood, order some shrimp. They're worth trying.
 ② A: Do you have Saturdays off ?
    B: No. I have to work until noon on Saturdays. How about your husband ?
 ③ A: Chances are we'll be late.
    B: Come on. Let's step on it.
 ④ A: Well, I'm afraid I've taken up too much of your time. I must be on my way  now.
    B: Not at all. Make yourself at home.

3. 다음 글 중의 빈곳에 알맞은 것은 ?
 A major problem with the lunar year, which ________ twelve months, was that it fell short of the 365 day solar year by several days.
 ① consisting of
 ② consisting in
 ③ consisted of
 ④ consisted in

* 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하라[4-5]
  As a result of all this legislation, both unions and employers must  comply with laws designed to maintain a fair balance of power  between the two. Of course conflict often arises between these two groups, but there is never conflict over the rights of unions to represent employees collectively on issues such ( 1 ) , ( 2 ), (   3 ), (   4 ) and many other concerns  of workers. These rights were established and written into law during three decades of this century that brought about fundamental changes in the relationship between employees and their employers.
4. 밑줄 친 'this legislation'이 의미하는 것은 ?
 ① 노사 평등 입법
 ② 근로자 우위 입법
 ③ 단체 교섭 입법
 ④ 정리해고 입법

5. (1), (2), (3), (4)중에서 글의 내용으로 보아 문맥상 어울리지 않는 하나는 ?
 ① benefits
 ② management
 ③ wages
 ④ working hours

6. 다음 글에서 ‘this problem'이 가르키는 내용으로 맞는 것은 ?
  We've known about this problem for several years. We've warned the owners and managers of the factories concerned and they have promised to install antipollution equipment as soon as they can afford to. Of course, we would like them to stop polluting the river now but we can't force them because they pay a lot of taxes and employ a lot of workers. If we made them close their factories, many people would lose their jobs.
 ① 부당해고 문제
 ② 수질 오염문제
 ③ 부실한 공해방지 장치
 ④ 공장 폐쇄문제

7. 다음 글을 읽고 빈칸에 가장 적절한 것을 고르면 ?
  Whether we find a joke funny or not largely depends on __________. The sense of humor is mysteriously bound up with national characteristics. A Frenchman, for instance, might find it hard to laugh at a Russian joke. In the same way,  a Russian might fail to see anything amusing in a joke which would make an Englishman laugh to tears.
 ① our sense of humor
 ② what our personality is
 ③ where we have been brought up
 ④ the ability to understand foreign languages

8. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은 ?
  The cat has probably been associated with Man since it was first given a place by his fire in return for keeping the cave free of rats and mice. The relationship between the cat and Man has not been constant, however. Man's attitude has ranged through indifference and neglect to the extremes of persecution and worship.
 ① Man has constantly been friendly towards cats.
 ② Man's attitude towards cats has been through many changes.
 ③ Rats and mice were allowed to dwell in the cave with Man.
 ④ Man first gave the cat a place to make a fire.

9. 다음 글의 앞부분에 올 내용으로 적절한 것은 ?
  However, some people, including some doctors, are not in favor of these life-extending measures, and they argue that people should have the right to die when they want.
 ① People should be allowed to die with dignity.
 ② The quality of life is as important as life itself.
 ③ The duty of doctors is always to extend life as long as possible.
 ④ Mew medicine and machines are being developed to extend life.

10. 다음 대화의 빈곳에 가장 적당하지 않은 것은 ?
 A: I'd like to send this package airmail to Tokyo.
 B: Sure. Let's see. It weighs 14 pounds. That's $40.
 A: _________. How much did you say ?
 B: Forty dollars, ma'am.
 A: How long will it take to get there ?
 B: It'll be there in about ten days.
 ① Sorry
 ② Pardon me
 ③ Excuse me.
 ④ Never mind

11. 다음 글에서 fire 가 의미하지 않는 것은 ?
 "People often think that being an usher is an easy job, but it isn't." says Peter Suilivan, an usher at the Palladium theater. " It's difficult to stand so much! When I'm tired, I sit in an aisle seat during intermission, but my boss could fire me for that.
 ① shoot
 ② lay off
 ③ dismiss
 ④ discharge

12.다음 밑줄 친 곳에 가장 알맞은 것은 ?
  Cindy loved to sing, but she had never sung in public because she was so
embarrassed. Every year her mother encouraged her to sing in the school concert. Cindy wished she could be in the concert, but she always assumed that ____________.
 ① she loved to sing
 ② she could do well
 ③ she didn't like singing
 ④ she wasn't good enough

13. 다음 대화의 밑줄 친 곳에 가장 알맞은 것은 ?
 A: What can I do for you, sir ?
 B: There's a hole in this sweater that I bought only yesterday.
 A: Would you like to exchange it for another sweater ?
 B: No, I'd rather get a refund.
 A: Do you have __________ ?
 B: Yes. Here it is.
 ① money
 ② the receipt
 ③ your ID card
 ④ the credit card

14. 다음 글의 성격은 ?
  I am writing on the subject of the new factory that you are planning to build in our neighborhood. I am very worried about your plan. Surely a factory will be out of place among our neighborhood's green parks and gardens. Someone must try to save the peace and quiet of our streets. I would like to come and discuss this matter with you.
 ① 논설문
 ② 광고문
 ③ 항의문
 ④ 호소문

15. 다음 글에서 밑줄 친 부분에 해당되지 않는 것은 ?
 The report describes some of the reasons for the high rate of accidents and suggests solutions for improving the road safety situation in Fairfield. Most of the local roads are narrow and have dangerous curves. Signal lights at Fairfield railroad crossings are more than thirty years old. Despite these poor conditions, Fairfield county has the fewest emergency telephones in the state.
 ① 도로 폭
 ② 안전벨트
 ③ 비상 전화 수
 ④ 교차로 신호등

* 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하라.[16-17]
 Danielle O'Neil owns LYL. She helps those who are very busy finding dates. Men and women answer questions about themselves, and a computer matches them with others who answered similarly. Vincent P. likes compute dating because asking women out has always been difficult for him. Tina and Al have been married for three years thanks to computer dating. ______ , Annette Lee wasn't so successful. She didn't get along with her dates and thinks that dating services are too expensive.
16. 윗글에서 LYL이 가리키는 것은 ?
 ① 성인 오락실
 ② 컴퓨터 혼인 중매소
 ③ 신형 컴퓨터 판매소
 ④ 중고 컴퓨터 교환센터

17. 밑줄 친 곳에 가장 알맞은 것은 ?
 ① however
 ② likewise
 ③ therefore
 ④ otherwise

18. 다음 밑줄 친 곳에 알맞은 것은 ?
 A: Excuse me, but I'll be right back.
 B: Where are you going ?
 A: To the stationery store.
 B: For what ?
 A: ____________.
 B: You can use my ball-point.
 A: Thank you very much.
 ① I've just hit upon a good idea.
 ② I've run out of ink.
 ③ This report falls short of my expectation.
 ④ Mind your own business.

* 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하라.
  The office has been closed since 5 p.m.. If you require an accountant to look over your income tax form, come by the office between 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. , Tuesdays and Thursdays. Our specialist, who is qualified in tax law, will be happy to spend time with you.
19. How many hours a week is the tax specialist in the office ?
 ① 2 hours a week
 ② 3 hours a week
 ③ 4 hours a week
 ④ 5 hours a week

20. 주어진 문장의 의미와 가까운 것은 ?
  I couldn't agree with you more.
 ① I agree with you completely.
 ② I cannot but disagree with you.
 ③ I cannot agree with you anymore.
 ④ So far I have agreed with you.

21. 다음 대화의 빈칸에 가장 적합한 것은 ?
 A: Does your father really have to have the operation ?
 B: _________. The doctor says he'll die without it.
 ① I hope so
 ② I'm afraid so
 ③ No way
 ④ That isn't true

22. 다음 빈칸에 들어갈 알맞은 것은 ?
 Banks are not ordinarily prepared to pay out all accounts : they rely on their depositors not to demand payment all at the same time. If depositors should come to fear that a bank is not sound, that it cannot pay off all its depositors, then that fear might cause all the depositors to appear on the same day. If they did, the bank could not pay all accounts. However, ( ), then there would always be funds to pay those who wanted their money when they wanted it.
 ① if they withdrew funds from their accounts secretly.
 ② if they deposited less and less year after year.
 ③ if they compelled tellers not to use their funds for private purpose.
 ④ if they did not all appear at once.

23. 다음 글을 읽고 빈칸에 가장 적절한 것을 골라라.
  There are rare instances when justice almost ceases to be an abstract conception. Reward or punishment are given quite independent of human interference.
 At such times, justice acts like a living force. When we use a phrase like " __________, " we are, in part, admitting that a certain set of circumstances has enabled justice to act of itself.
 ① It serves him right.
 ② No pains, no gains.
 ③ The end justifies the means.
 ④ A rolling stone gathers no moss.

24. 다음 글의 (1), (2) 에 알맞은 것끼리 연결된 것을 고르면 ?
  The crucial issue is whether the essence of life resides in (   1   ) or in (   2   ) . Because the body rarely shuts down all its systems at once, and because hospitals have access to the most modern life-preserving machinery, it is entirely possible that the brain, deprived of an adequate supply of oxygen, could die while the patient, often with the help of hospital equipment, remains alive. To many observers, this " brain death" should constitute the legal definition of death because it leaves the patient little more than a vegetable.
 ① body - soul
 ② future - present
 ③ heart - brain
 ④ one's own self - others

25. 본문의 내용과 일치하는 것은 ?
  What about motion that is too slow to be seen by the human eye ? That problem has been solved by the use of the time-lapse camera. In this one, the shutter is geared to take only one shot per second, or one per minute, or even per hour - depending upon the kind of movement that is being photographed. When the time-lapse film is projected at the normal speed of twenty-four pictures per second, it is possible to see a bean sprout growing up out of the ground. Time-lapse films are useful in the study of many types of motion too slow to be observed by the unaided, human eye.
 ① 사람의 눈은 느린 동작에 적응을 잘한다.
 ② 카메라 등장 이후 시간의 중요성이 매우 강조되고 있다.
 ③ 머지않아 카메라 셔터는 사용할 필요가 없어진다.
 ④ 육안으로 관찰할 수 없는 동작의 변화도 촬영할 수 있다.

전체 정답

1.④ 2.④ 3.③ 4.① 5.②
6.③ 7.③ 8.② 9.④ 10.④
11.① 12.④ 13.② 14.③ 15.②
16.② 17.① 18.② 19.③ 20.①
21.① 22.④ 23.① 24.① 25.④

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