1998년 5월 31일에 시행한 국가직(행자부) 9급 공무원 시험 영어 기출문제입니다.

1. 빈 칸(A),(B)에 공통적으로 들어갈 수 있는 것은?
When Mahatma Gandhi was leading the Indian people in their movement to get rid of British rule, whenever his followers began to have strong feeling of (A), towards the British,he would always say: "Stop (B) until you cease to hate the British that we can afford to go on opposing them."
① friendship
② hostility
③ opposition
④ generosity

2. 두 개의 글이 같은 뜻이 되도록 빈 곳을 채우시오.
Carry on the experiment without        to cost.
=Carry on the experiment no matter how much it may cost.
① consideration
② estimation
③ respect
④ regrad

3. 다음 글을 요약할 때 빈 칸에 가장 알맞은 것은?
Television is also partly blamed for a sharp slide in traditional learning. Since television became nearly universal in the early 1960s, average scores for high school students taking the Scholastic Aptitude Test, the broadest measure of academic ability, have decline from 478 to 424 on the verbal exam and from 502 to 466 in mathematics.
Television ________ the sharp decline in the scores of high school students on the Scholastic Aptitude Test.
① has affected
② is responsible for
③ has helped
④ has developed

4. 밑줄 친 부분을 옳게 바꾼 것은?
He was sitting alone, and he was folding his arms.
① with his arms folded
② with his arms folding
③ his arms folded
④ his arms folding

5. 밑줄 친 부분과 의미가 같은 것은?
My father has math at his fingers' ends.
① hesitates to learn math
② is fond of math
③ knows math very well
④ has started to learn math

6. 밑줄 친 부분이 의미하는 것은?
There are no creatures on earth less practical than humans, and nothing shows oru frivolity better than fashion. From women's hoop skirts to men's high hats, fashion victims through the ages have endured to ridiculous, the uncomfortable, and the absolutely dangerous in and effort to be fashionable. Even our feet, which are normally planted firmly on the ground. have suffered the pains of keeping up with the latest craze.
① hoop skirts
② people
③ fashion
④ feet

7. 밑줄 친 부분이 가리키는 것은?
Albert Einstein once attributed the creativity of a famous scientist to the fact that he never went to school, and therefore preserved the rare gift of thinking freely. There is undoubtedly turth in Einstein's observation; many artists and geniuses seem to view their schooling as a profit. But such a truth is not a criticism of schools. It is the function of schools to civilize, not to train explores. The social order demands unity and widespread agreement, both characteristics that are destructive to creativity. There will be conflict between the demands of society and the impulses of creativity and genius.
① impluse
② creativity
③ conflict
④ genius

8. 글의 흐름으로 보아 어법상 가장 어색한 것은?

One of the proudest moments of my childhood ① was the time I recited a long poem for the Christmas program at school. ② When I was in elementary school, every year the school put on a program at Chritmas time. When I was about eight years old, the teacher asked me ③ to memorize a very long poem. I was really excited because I loved to momorize and ④ reciting in front of a group. I worked hard to learn the poem.

9. 글의 흐름으로 보아 가장 관계가 없는 문장은?

Different regions of the brain have different jobs. ① If there is any damage to the part of the brain known as Broca's area, a person will have trouble pronouncing words. ② Similarly, if there is damage to he part of the brain called Wernicke's area, a person will have problems remembering certain words. ③ There is much that scientists still do not know about the human brain. ④ The part of the brain called the cerebellum is concerned wihe controlling bodily position and motion.

10. 다음 글이 분위기를 가장 잘 나타낸 것은?
Abraham Lincoln,the sixteenth president of the United States, may have received a message about his own death in a dream. One night in 1865, he had a strange dream. He dreamed he was inside the White House. A group of people were standing around a coffin in the East Room of the White House. Many of them were crying. "Who is dead?" he asked. "The president." someone answered. "He was killed by an assassin." A few days after this, on April 14th, Lincoln was shot and killed while he was watching a play at Ford's Theater in Washington. D.C
① pessimistic
② mysterious
③ sarcastic
④ sorrowful

11. 다음은 우리말을 영어로 옮긴 것이다. 빈 칸에 알맞은 것을 차례로 나열한 것은?

한 외국인이 길에서 나에게 말을 걸었으나 나는 영어로 의사 소통을 할 수가 없었다.
I      a foreigner on the street, but I couldn't      in English.
① spoke to, make him understand
② spoke to, make myself understood
③ was spoken by, make him understand
④ was spoken to by, make myself understood

 12. 다음 글의 필자가 주장하는 요지는?
Touch is the first sense we devolop, and we acquire it before birth. We could not live without it, Imagine being unable to sense the danger of hot water or to feel our way down a dark stairway. We tend to think of sight as our most important sense, yet we close our eyes in sleep for a third of each day. Touch nener blinks, never turns off its awareness of the world around us.
① 촉각은 후천적 감각이다.
② 촉각을 개발시켜야 한다.
③ 촉각은 가장 중요한 감각이다.
④ 촉각보다 시각이 더 중요한 역할을 한다.

13. 다음 글에서 직업 선택의 요인으로 언급되지 않은 것은?

According to one sociologist, Thcodore Caplow, the accident of birth often plays a large role in determining what occupation people choose. Children follow their parents' occupations: farmers are recruited from farmers' offspring, teachers from the children of teachers. The parent "passes" an occupation on to the child. Furthermore, such factors as time and place of birth,race,nationality,social class,and the expectations of parents are all accidental, that is, not planned or controlled. They all influence choice of occupation.
① 부모의 직업
② 출생 시기와 장소
③ 부모의 기대
④ 장래의 유망성

※ 빈 칸에 들어갈 알맞은 것을 고르시오.(문14~문20)

As we begin the decade of the 1990s, we find that laser, like the computer, has become a commonplace item in our society. Still, how many of us really know what
a laser is and what it is used for? The word itself is _____, a word formed from the first letters of other words.
① an antonym
② an acronym
③ an acrobat
④ a synonyn

15. In the medieval times, people used salt to ____ food, so the food would stay good for a long time.
① preserve
② remain
③ isolate
④ eat

It is a good idea to remove decayed portions of a before the decay has time to spread. Leaves are small in the spring, but full-grown leaves of summer hide brok-
en and rotting limbs in the treetops. The time to look for and remove these scars is _____.
① in midsummer
② at night
③ during a freeze
④ in the spring

17. Only three or four minutes _____ after the patient's arrival in the emergency room when Dr.Lee took charge of his case.
① had pssed
② were passing
③ have passed
④ had been passed

18. This job is offered to those who are able and _____.
① have it carry out to the will
② have the will to carry it out
③ the will have to carry it out
④ the will to carry it out it have

The animals in well-run zoos treated kindly, are well-fed, receive medical care when are sick, and are protected from their natural enemies. Most animals in zoos live longer than they would in their natural homes, where many dangers threaten their        .
① lives
② friends
③ zoos
④ family

Tom Willard was ambitious for his son. He had always thought of himself as a successful man, ______ nothing he had ever done had turned out successful. However, when he was out of sight of the New Willard House and had no fear of coming upon his wife, he swaggered and began to dramatize himself as one of the chief men of his town. He wanted his son to succeed.
① when
② for
③ because
④ although

전체 정답

1.② 2.④ 3.② 4.② 5.③ 6.③ 7.② 8.④ 9.③ 10.② 11.④ 12.③ 13.④ 14.② 15.① 16.④ 17.① 18.② 19.④ 20.④

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