2000년 2월 20일에 시행한 법원직 9급 (법원서기보직) 공무원 시험 영어 기출문제입니다.

1. 다음 밑줄 친 곳에 알맞은 연결사는 ?
Psychologists tell us that to be happy we need a mixture of enjoyable leisure time and satisfying work. I doubt that my great-grandmother, who raised 14 children and took in laundry, had much of either. She did have a network of close friends and family, and maybe this is what fulfilled her. If she was happy with what she had, perhaps it was because she didn't expect life to be very different . We, _______, with so many choices and such pressure to succeed in every area, have turned happiness into one more thing we "must have." We're so self conscious about our "right" to it that it's making us miserable. So we chase it and equate it with wealth and success, without noticing that the people who have those things aren't necessarily happier.
 ① for example
 ② on the other hand
 ③ in addition to
 ④ in short

2. 다음 밑줄 친 곳에 공통으로 들어갈 적합한 단어는 ?
Why do animals react this way ? Animals are far more ______ to natural phenomena than humans. For example, dogs can hear sound waves much higher than human. birds and bees use the magnetic field when they fly. Snakes are highly _______ to minute variations in the earth.
 ① sensitive
 ② sensual
 ③ sensible
 ④ sensational

3. 다음 밑줄 친 단어와 같은 의미를 지닌 것은 ?
 There is an outstanding difference between Korea and Japan.
 ① confirmed
 ② candid
 ③ striking
 ④ equivalent

4. 다음 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 것이 차례대로 된 것은 ?
What if the sun ran _____ the earth ?
The ship ran _______ during the storm.
I met ______ her on the street.
I will stand ________ you in this matter.
 ① into, aground, by , with
 ② aground, by , at, for
 ③ into, aground, with, by
 ④ into, at, with, on

5. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 곳에 알맞은 것은 ?
In the past, one of the reasons people had a lot of children was the high infant mortality rate. Many babies and young children died of various diseases. And people had more children to ______ those deaths. For example, a family often had five or six children, and only three of the children would survive. That means only three would live to be adults.
 ① make up for
 ② avail themselves of
 ③ make much of
 ④ do away with

6. 다음 밑줄 친 숙어의 뜻과 다른 것은 ?
He is by no means happy.
 ① anything but
 ② far from
 ③ never
 ④ by and large

7. 다음 글의 밑줄 친 부분중 어색한 부분은 ?
Sheila is an English teacher (1)whose voice is very husky, but she is one of the very few teacher (2)whom I know can control their classes without raising her voice (3) that is an ability (4) which children appreciate highly.
 ① 1
 ② 2
 ③ 3
 ④ 4

8. 다음 중 나머지 3개와 뜻이 다른 것은 ?
 ① You can say that again.
 ② You're quite right.
 ③ You said it.
 ④ Let's call it a day.

9. 다음 글에 나오는 It(it) 가 가리키는 것은 ?
 The average human being has about eighteen square feet of it. No, it's not an aluminum foil, that gets left in the kitchen. This stuff stays with you wherever you go. You wear it like clothes, but you never take it off. It is thinner than the thinnest cotton shirt - only one twentieth of an inch thick. Altogether, it weighs about six pounds , and it is the largest organ of your body. It's not your heart, your lungs, or your stomach. But without it you would be able to see most of your other organs without an X-ray ?
 ① head
 ② hair
 ③ skin
 ④ blood

10. 다음 글의 주제(topic)로 가장 알맞은 것은 ?
Many people believe that there are other forms of intelligent life in the universe. But no one has found proof of this. Scientists are trying to find signs of life from outer space. They have sent radio signals and rockets as messengers. They try to pick up any signals coming to Earth on radar and radio waves. But so far, no proof has been found.
 ① Famous people from outer space.
 ② the ways scientists are looking for signs of life from outer space.
 ③ messages that scientists have received from outer space.
 ④ Why people think there is life in outer space.

* 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하라.[11-12]
Most people envy a person who is able to skip a year of school. It means that he or she is intelligent enough to be able to go on to a higher level of instruction. But have you ever heard of anyone who skipped most grades ?
Well, in 1834, William Thompson, who was only ten years old, enrolled in college. This would be amazing enough in itself, but, even more amazing, Thompson graduated that very same year. He learned things twice as fast as people who were twice his ______.
11. 이 글의 밑줄 친 곳에 들어갈 알맞은 단어는 ?
 ① intelligence
 ② age
 ③ parents
 ④ grades

12. We can conclude that ________________.
 ① the college that Thompson went to was not very difficult.
 ② Thompson was a genius.
 ③ Thompson would rather stayed in elementary school with children of his own age.
 ④ There has never been anyone else as intelligent as Thompson.

13. 다음 대화의 밑줄 친 부분에 가장 알맞은 것은 ?
 A: Let's go to the movie tonight ?
 B: O.K. ________________.
 A: Let me get the paper. Here's the page with movie ads.  Shall we go downtown or to a movie near home ?
 B: Well, the movies near home are cheaper than the ones downtown.
 ① At what time ?
 ② What for ?
 ③ What's on ?
 ④ With whom ?

14. 다음 대화문의 밑줄 친 곳에 가장 적절한 표현은 ?
 A: Okay , let's sum up. Does anyone remember the three rules ?
 B: Yeah, think ahead of the speaker and try to _____ what's coming next.
 ① advance
 ② precede
 ③ prevent
 ④ predict

15. 다음 대화 중 어울리지 않는 것은 ?
 ① A: Do you mind if I join you ?
     B: No, I don't.
 ② A: I am sorry, I broke your glasses.
     B: It doesn't matter.
 ③ A: How do you like your new job ?
     B: Because I am very much interested.
 ④ A: Shall I wake you up tomorrow ?
     B: Yes, please do.

16. Which of the following is not stated in laws according to the passage ?
The idea of "law exists in every culture." All societies have some kind of law to keep order and to control the interactions of people with those around them. The law of any culture tell people three things : what they can do. What they must do, and what they may not do. In addition, there are usually specific types of punishment for those who break the law.
 ① people's rights
 ② people's duties
 ③ legal action
 ④ types of punishment

17. 다음 밑줄 친 곳에 들어갈 것으로 옳은 것은 ?
If you had studied the problem carefully yesterday, __________.
 ① You won't find any difficulty now.
 ② You would not have found any difficulty now.
 ③ you would not find any difficulty now.
 ④ you have not find any difficulty now.

*다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하라[18-19]
If we never used our legs at all, and even in the house went round, say, sitting on a pair of roller skates, in time the human race would lose the use of its legs. In the end, legs themselves might very well cease to be, since their function was not exercised. So with the person who is satisfied with a simple repetitive job which makes no demand on his intelligence. Unless he uses that intelligence in other ways it will become ________ like a knife which is not sharpened against steel.
18. 이 글의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 알맞은 말은 ?
 ① lightened
 ② useful
 ③ blunted
 ④ functional

19. 이 글의 요지로 가장 알맞은 것은 ?
 ① Walking is good for our health.
 ② We must be satisfied with our job .
 ③ We must constantly use and develop our intelligence.
 ④ Simple repetitive job has much to do with our legs.

* 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하라[20-21]
One afternoon, however, our talk found its way to our parents. " You would like my mother, I think." I said, " but my father's been dead since I was 11. " I had not intended to mention something that I rarely divulged, even to close friends, and I wished I had kept silent about it. Susan touched my arm. " It's been a while. "  I said. " I'm still sorry." A darkness crept into her usual bright eyes. " I lost mine at the end, of high school, " it was my turn to say that _________. We sat some long minutes in the slow afternoon, muted by these thoughts. But I learned then, it was one of Susan's virtues not to allow the wounds that come with life to crowd out the joys, and we were soon talking of more cheerful matters. A few weeks later we began to date.
20. 이 글의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 알맞은 것은 ?
 ① That's all right.
 ② I was sorry.
 ③ No problem.
 ④ happy to hear that.

21. 이 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은 ?
 ① 필자는 의도적으로 가까운 친구에게도 말하지 않았던 사실을 언급했다.
 ② 필자는 아버지가 돌아가신 사실에 대해서 말하고 싶어했다.
 ③ Susan 의 아버지는 Susan이 11세 때 돌아가셨다.
 ④ Susan은 상처 때문에 즐거움을 찾지 못할 그런 사람이 아니었다.

22. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은 ?
The growth of the feminist's movement among the middle and lower class may be said to date from the popularization of the bicycle in the middle of the 1880's. The bicycle already before the motor-car was heard of took young women as well as their brother out and about and away from the eyes of their parents. That meant the end of the Victorian idea that no young female went out in public without being accompanied by one of her elders. The bicycle became the symbol of feminist hopes. The bicycle also sounded the passing of the elaborate over-dressed fashions of the Victorian women.
 ① 여성운동은 자전거의 일반화와 더불어 발전되었다
 ② 자전거는 자동차보다 먼저 등장했다
 ③ 빅토리아시대의 이상은 여성들은 어떤 경우에라도 공공연하게 외출하지 않는 것이었다
 ④ 자전거는 여권 신장론자들의 희망이 되었다.

23. 밑줄 친 부분과 같은 뜻을 고르시오
 The photo taken by Jimmy is rather blurred because his camera was out of focus.
 ① invisible
 ② hazy
 ③ changed
 ④ disgraceful

24. 다음 밑줄 친 곳에 들어갈 알맞은 것은 ?
 It is common knowledge that ability to do a particular job and performance on the job do not always go hand in hand. Persons with great potential abilities sometimes fall down on the job because of laziness or lack of interest in the job, while persons with mediocre talents have often achieved excellent results through their _______ and their loyalty to the interests of their employers. It is clear, therefore, that the final test of any employee is his performance on the job.
 ① industry
 ② talent
 ③ knowledge
 ④ good score in the test

25. 다음 밑줄 친 곳에 들어갈 알맞은 것은 ?
The ability to use good English is enhanced by careful observation of distinctions between uses of synonyms. A man who cannot tell a mule from a horse would likely blunder in choosing a mount. If we are to avoid blunders in the choice of words, it is necessary to _______________.
 ① learn spelling along with meaning
 ② know the people to whom we are talking
 ③ observe subtle differences in pronunciation
 ④ study differences in meaning of closely related words.

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