2004년 5월 30일에 시행한 국회직 8급 (국회사무처) 공무원 시험 영어 기출문제입니다.

※ 다음 문장의 밑줄 친 부분의 뜻과 가장 비슷한 것을 고르시오.(1-4)
1. The election results were nullified because of voter fraud.
① annulled
② ratified
③ modified
④ negotiated
⑤ resolved

nullify 무효로 하다(annul);
fraud 사기;
ratify (조약을) 비준하다;
negotiate 협상하다

2. I must warn you that any mention of Cathy agitates your grandmother.
① flares
② appeals to
③ stirs up
④ stagnates
⑤ vanishes

agitate 선동하다, 부추기다;
stir up 자극하다;
flare 불붙다, 빛나다;
stagnate 침체되다;
vanish 사라지다

3. Doctors have warned against complacency in fighting common diseases.
① uneasiness
② content
③ constraint
④ obligation
⑤ privilege

complacency (자기)만족;
constraint 구속

4. A unicycle is like a bicycle―except, of course, that it has only one wheel. Body balance is imperative when riding a unicycle.
① valuable
② dangerous
③ impressive
④ difficult
⑤ necessary

imperative 명령적인,

5. 아래 문장의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르시오.
Public transportation vehicles are what ________ as a chief cause of the deterioration of the ozone.
① have many identified ecologists
② have identified many ecologists
③ many ecologists have identified
④ have many ecologists identified
⑤ many have identified ecologists

deterioration 악화

6. 다음 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳을 고르시오.

[ Of course salt can be removed from sea water. ]
① In the future the sun will power not only factories but also railroad trains and automobiles. ② Scientists also hope that the sun will help to increase the world's water supply. ③ Deserts of the world could be changed into farms if sea water, changed into fresh water, were carried to the desert lands. ④ But the present methods are so costly that it is not practical to take the salt out of the great quantity of water that would be required. ⑤ Scientists are now trying to discover cheaper ways to make sea water pure by using the sun.

④ 뒤에 the salt가 나와 앞에 salt가 언급되어야 한다.

7. 제시문 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.
Ironically, as Americans have gotten heavier as a population, the image of a beautiful woman has gotten much slimmer. Marilyn Monroe would be overweight by today's media standards.
A. Beer and soft drink commercials, for example, often feature very thin girls in bikinis.
B. As a result, many teenage girls have become insecure about their bodies and obsessed with losing weight.
C. Television shows and commercials feature actresses who are very slender.
D. Eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia are now common among young women.

① A-B-D-C
② C-B-D-A
③ A-D-C-B
④ D-A-C-B
⑤ C-A-B-D

feature 주연을 시키다;
insecure 불안한;
be obsessed with ‥에 사로잡히다;
commercial 광고, 방송;
slender 날씬한;
anorexia 식욕부진;
bulima 다식 거부증

※ 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.(8-10)

8. Before I left home, my father said to me, "Son, remember the ancient proverbs which I have taught you. 'If you go to a land of one-eyed men, close one eye and join them. If you go to a land of one-legged men, limp with them; do not walk alone.′" This proverb has the same message as the English proverb " __________."
① Birds of a feather flock together.
② When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
③ Do to others as you would be done by.
④ A man is known by the company he keeps.
⑤ In the kingdom of the blind, the one-eyed is a king.

limp 다리를 절다

9. In some parts of Africa, women are objects of value. From the moment a girl is born, the family counts her value as capital. From their childhood the natives view things in this light.
When a white lady bore twin daughters at the hospital, a negro boy nurse could find nothing better to say to the father than, " _________ "
① Now you'll be poor!
② Now you're a rich man!
③ Now you'll have to earn more!
④ Now you're a father of twins!
⑤ Now you'll have to have two more sons!

해설: 여자가 경제적 가치를 지닌 대상이다. 쌍둥이 여아를 낳았으므로 경제적 가치를 매우 높였다 는 내용이다.

10. In the 1940s, the introduction of the 33 rpm long-playing vinyl record completely changed the way we listen to music. The breakable and 3-minute 78 rpm record soon disappeared from the market place. In our day, the compact disc, superior in quality and convenience, has replaced the vinyl long-playing record and will .
① discourage the growth of computer generated music
② shrink the size of the music-buying public
③ decrease the profits of the record industry
④ drive the 78 rpm record from the secondhand market
⑤ make the manufacture of phonographs that play 33 rpm records unnecessary

shrink 줄어들다

※ 다음 중 어법상 적절하지 않은 문장을 고르시오.(11-12)

① Hurry up, or you'll be late for the bus.
② How was your first fishing trip last Sunday?
③ Are you going to take part in the race, too?
④ While we're away, could you take care of our plants?
⑤ That man playing soccer with those boys are Mr. Brown.

⑤ are → is : That man이 주어이므로 단수 동사가 되어야 한다.

① The plane crashed, killing all 200 people aboard.
② George had no alternative but to do as his father suggested.
③ All the neighbors say that Edward is the very image of his father.
④ Peter's performance on the street drew the attention of all passersby.
⑤ The baseball game could have begun at 3:30 if it doesn't start raining.

crash 추락하다;
have no alternative but to- -할 수 밖에 없다;
image 꼭 닮은 사람
⑤ doesn't start → had not started : 가정법 과거로 동사 형태를 맞추어야 한다.

※ 다음 문장의 빈 곳에 들어갈 가장 적절한 단어를 고르시오.(13-14)

13. I've just made a terrible _______ : I've made two appointments for the same hour!
① occasion
② blunder
③ duplicate
④ obligation
⑤ responsibility

blunder 큰 실수;
duplicate 복제

14. Rebecca delayed the bus because she was         in her purse for the correct change.
① baffling
② stuffing
③ lurching
④ fumbling
⑤ stifling

baffle 당황하게 하다, 좌절시키다;
stuff 채우다;
lurch 기울어지다, 비틀거리다;
fumble 더듬어 찾다, 헛잡다;
stifle 숨 막히게 하다

15. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.
Humor includes a lot more than laughing and joke telling. Many people worry needlessly that they do not have a good sense of humor because they are not
good joke tellers. More than jokes, a sense of humor requires being willing and
able to see the funny side of life's situations as they happen. In fact, one of the best definitions of a sense of humor is "the ability to see the nonserious element in a situation." The ability to tell jokes is only one small part of humor.
There may be a thousand different ways to express your sense of humor, and joke telling is only one of those ways. Some people take the time to memorize jokes, and they may even have good timing and delivery. However, if they cannot see the humor when there is a foul-up or setback in everyday life, then they don't really have a very good sense of humor.
① Humor is not just joke telling.
② Laughter is good for your health.
③ A sense of humor is something we are born with.
④ A sense of humor requires the time to memorize jokes.
⑤ The ability to tell jokes is the most important part of humor.

foul-up 혼란;
setback 좌절, 패배

16. 아래 글에 나오는 Dawson 교수의 결론은 다음 중 어떠한 가정에 근거한 것인지 고르시오.
"In general," stated Professor Dawson, "the athletes now attending the university are more interested in studies than athletes of ten years ago. The proof is that
more and more of my students who are athletes attend class on a regular basis."
① An interest in studies is something that a student must learn very early in his or her academic career.
② Professor Dawson's student athletes show greater interest in studies because Professor Dawson is a better teacher now than she was ten years ago.
③ Professors should not expect the same commitment to studies from student athletes that
they require of students in general.
④ Whether or not a student attends class on a regular basis is a good measure of whether
a student is interested in his or her studies.
⑤ Student athletes are more concerned about getting good grades because it is more difficult to become a professional athlete now than it was ten years ago.

17. 밑줄 친 부분이 어법상 옳은 문장을 고르시오.
① I lived here since March.
② Going to the beach was fun.
③ She was so busy to do her homework.
④ Whenever I see you, I remind your brother.
⑤ He did his best so that he might not fail in.

① → have lived : since는 완료시제와 결합 한다
③ → as to do : so ‥ as to- 의 상관어구가 이루어져야한다
④ → am reminded of : remind는 “기억나게 하다”라는 뜻이므로 “기억하다”의 의미가 되려면 수동형으로 사용해야한다
⑤ → fail in the test : 전치사의 목적어가 들어 가야한다

※ 다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.(18-19)
Pure science may seem useless in the usual sense, but over a long period of time it surely leads to economic and technological benefits. If we stop paying for pure science today, there will be no applied science tomorrow. Charles Darwin's work on evolution and Gregor Mendel's on the heredity of plants laid the foundations for the science of genetics, which eventually led to the discovery of DNA, which led to genetic engineering, which is now exploding with unimaginable applications. Yet Darwin and Mendel were not supported with any such profits in mind, nor could ⓛthey have been. ②A nation cannot bet on pure scientists like betting on horses. It can, however, build stables.
18. 밑줄 친 부분 ①they가 가리키는 말로서 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.
① such profits
② Darwin and Mendel
③ unimaginable applications
④ technological benefits
⑤ the foundations for the scinece of genetics

19. 밑줄 친 부분 ②의 뜻을 가장 적절하게 표현한 것을 고르시오.
① 국가가 순수과학을 하는 과학자들이 경마에 대해 연구할 수 있도록 강요할 수는 없다. 그러나 그들이 연구할 수 있는 여건을 마련해 주기 위해 마구간을 지어 줄 수는 있다.
② 사람들이 경마에서 돈을 걸듯이 국가가 순수과학을 하는 과학자들 중 이익을 낼 만한 사람을 골라서 지원해 줄 수는 없다. 그러나 경마를 위해서 마구간을 지어 줄 수는 있다.
③ 국가가 순수과학을 하는 과학자들에게 돈을 걸 수 없듯이 경마에 돈을 걸 수는 없다. 그러나 마구간을 지어 줄 수는 있다.
④ 국가가 순수과학을 하는 과학자들이나 경마를 하는 사람들에게 내기하듯이 지원할 수는 없다. 그러나 경마를 위해서 마구간을 지어 줄 수는 있다.
⑤ 사람들이 경마에서 돈을 걸듯이 국가가 순수과학을 하는 과학자들 중 이익을 낼 만한 사람을 골라서 지원해 줄 수는 없다. 그러나 그들이 연구를 할 수 있는 여건을 마련해 줄 수는 있다.

heredity 유전;
genetics 유전학;
explode 폭발하다, 급격하게 불어나다;
stable 마구간

20. 빈 칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 표현을 고르시오.
Many animals commonly thought to be are actually omnivorous: foxes, for example, frequently feed on berries and fruit. Likewise, many animals that are generally believed to be herbivores are actually omnivores, among them some species of mice whose diet at certain times of the year may depend primarily on insects.
① carnivorous
② voracious
③ porous
④ greedy
⑤ gluttonous

omnivorous 잡식성의;
herbivore 초식동물;
carnivorous 유식성의;
voracious 게걸스럽게 먹는;
porous 투과성의, 구멍이 많은;
greedy 탐욕스러운;
gluttonous 많이 먹는

21. 다음의 대화자들이 의미하는 것을 고르시오.
Man : We should never have listened to Karen.
Woman : If only we'd asked someone else for advice!
① They asked for some information about Karen.
② They wish they hadn't paid attention to Karen.
③ Only Karen could give them any assistance.
④ Karen told the woman to ask someone else for advice.
⑤ They didn't take Karen's advice.

22. 다음 글을 읽고 문맥의 흐름에 맞게 빈 칸에 들어갈 가장 적절한 말을 고르시오.
The typical American student is generally friendly and open-minded. He is physically helpful and generous with his time. He is mentally alert and likes to discuss new ideas. (    ), his friendship is often shallow, and his tolerance of and respect for other cultures is often limited.
① Hence
② Moreover
③ Therefore
④ Furthermore
⑤ Nevertheless

shallow 천박한, 얕은

23. 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 옳지 않은 것을 고르시오.
Nothing is more difficult in this world ①than to read a book and then to express ❸clear and truly in a few ④lines exactly what the literary value of the book ⑤is.

③ clearly : express를 수식하는 부사가 들어갈 자리이다

※ 밑줄 친 부분의 뜻으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.

24. That documentary brought to light the problems of refugees.
① made known
② took to other countries
③ made people happy with
④ was made with powerful lights
⑤ was filmed outside, under the sun

bring to light 밝히다, 드러내다

25. 다음 제시문의 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 문장으로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오.
Francis Bacon answers that question by saying that science gives us power. It enables us to exercise a certain degree of mastery or control over the physical and social phenomena of the world in which we live. Another way of answering the question is to say that science enables us to produce things. Applied by the engineer or the physician, it helps him to build bridges or to restore health. But the same knowledge can also be used as we know, to destroy things and to maim or kill men.
① What is the utility of scientific knowledge?
② Let's think about the utility of scientific knowledge.
③ There are two aspects of scientific knowledge we need to consider.
④ Do you know about Francis Bacon and his scientific knowledge?
⑤ Do you know who discussed the utility of scientific knowledge?

maim 망치다;
utility 유용성

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