2006년 3월 19일에 시행한 법원직 9급 (법원서기보직) 공무원 시험 영어 기출문제입니다.

【문 1】 다음 글을 쓴 목적으로 가장 알맞은 것은?
I want to talk about the parking situation at the Cinema House. I often go there with my boyfriend to watch movies. We have had our car towed 4 times!!! This is insane! There are ALWAYS cars parked along the street in front of the Cinema House, so we assume that it is safe to park there. There are no WARNING SIGNS, no ‘ NO PARKING ’ SIGNS, NOTHING!! And furthermore, when we came out to find our car. Another car was parked in that space. I want to know why there are no signs, and why only some cars are towed and not ALL CARS. We are tired of paying fines, and as a result, the Cinema House may lose its business.
① to apologize
② to advise
③ to compliment
④ to complain

【문 2】 다음 글의 빈칸(A)와 (B)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것으로 짝지은 것은?
On his way to work, my father saw an old man lying in the street who was bleeding. Of course, my father drove him to the nearest hospital.   (A)   to go  back to work, however, something strange happened. The police stopped my father and said he could not leave the hospital until the old man woke up. The police thought that my father   (B)   in the street. He was annoyed by that, but he couldn't do anything.
① (A) When he tried (B) had hit him
② (A) When he tried (B) would hit him
③ (A) He tried (B) hit him
④ (A) He tried (B) had hit him

【문 3】 다음 글의 (가),(나),(다)에 들어갈 말로 바르게 짝지어진 것은?
Today, I visited many places in Paris, which is really famous for its beauty. I visited the Louvre Museum. I was deeply (가) touched/invited  by the beauty of so many paintings and sculptures. The Eiffel Tower was really majestic  (나) in/with its lights on at night. I really respect the people here for making every effort to keep their arts from being damaged. They must have great (다) regret/pride in their traditions and culture. This is a very good attitude that we should learn from them, I think.
① (가) touched (나) in (다) regret
② (가) invited (나) in (다) pride
③ (가) invited (나) with (다) regret
④ (가) touched (나) with (다) pride

【문 4】 다음 글의 내용을 가장 잘 표현한 속담은?
You may succeed or fail in doing something. If you fail, who is to blame? It is you that is to blame. On the other hand, if you succeed, you are the very person who deserves to be praised for it. Are you dissatisfied with today's results? Think of it as the harvest from yesterday's sowing. Do you dream of a golden tomorrow? Then work hard for it. You can get something as a result of your efforts. In other words, You can get out of your life just what you put into the life.
① All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.
② Actions speak louder than words.
③ As you sow, so shall you reap.
④ The sooner, the better.

【문 5】 다음 글을 흐름에 맞게 순서대로 맞게 배열한 것은?
After the long winter, spring came and the second pair of shoes wore out. This time, the fox didn't show up. The monkey decided to take them off and tried to dispense with them.

 (A) At that moment, the fox appeared. " Friend! What's the matter? Is anything bothering you?" asked the fox.

 (B) Looking at the monkey's embarrassed face, the fox made a cunning smile. " It's a pity. But this time, I can't give you shoes for free. Give me five nuts."

 (C) He began to walk barefoot. "Ouch, it's terrible," he gave a cry of pain. He couldn't live without wearing shoes.

 (D) "It's a good thing that I ran into you here. Please give me a pair of shoes. I can't wear the old ones any more."
① (A)-(B)-(C)-(D)
② (B)-(A)-(D)-(C)
③ (B)-(C)-(D)-(A)
④ (C)-(A)-(D)-(B)

【문 6】 다음 글의 빈칸에 가장 적절한 말은?
How much space do people need for a comfortable life?  What happens when their space requirements are not adequately met? Sociologists and psychologists are conducting experiments on rats to try to determine the effects of overcrowded conditions on man. Recent studies have shown that the behavior of rats is greatly affected by space. If rats have adequate space, they eat well, sleep well, and reproduce well. However, if their living conditions become too crowded, their behavior patterns change noticeably. The more crowded they are, the more they tend to bite each other and even kill each other. Thus, for rats, ____________ are directly related.
① population and violence
② space and evolution
③ comfort and food
④ food and behavior

【문 7】 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
According to the law of supply and demand, changes in the prices of goods cause changes in supply and demand. An increase in the prices of the goods causes an increase in supply. Producers will make more goods when they can get higher prices for the goods. At the same time, an increase in the prices of the goods causes a decrease in demand. This is because people buy less when the price is high. For example, when the price of shoes goes up, people buy fewer shoes. Conversely, a decrease in the price causes an increase in demand and ______________.
① producers make more shoes
② producers make fewer shoes
③ people make more money
④ people buy fewer shoes

【문 8】 다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
Several studies have already shown that eating less can result in living longer. But now for the first time the scientists can explain why certain genes change during the process of aging, as well as how what one eats influences the process. They studied the behavior of 6,347 genes in two groups of mice : a normal eating group and a less eating group. They discovered that the genes related with aging changed considerably in the normal eating mice, but that the genes in the less eating mice remained unchanged. Thus, their discovery could help us to ________.
① clean our environment
② live longer
③ reduce food poisoning
④ cure mouse-carrying diseases

【문 9】 다음 글에서 밑줄 친 it 가 의미하는 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?
In the past, it was primarily an activity for men, but today thousands of women are pumping iron in gyms all over the world. They are changing the shapes of their bodies, becoming more muscular. While some people feel that women with big muscles are unattractive, others argue that there is more than one standard of beauty, and that muscular women look better than those who are out of shape. They also point out that it makes them healthier, stronger, and more energetic.
① swimming
② weight lifting
③ running
④ wrestling

【문10】 다음 글의 흐름으로 보아, 아래 문장이 들어가기에 가장 적절한 곳은?
 As a result, electric cars are practical only for short trips.
Electric cars are now regaining popularity for two main reasons. They do not use gasoline, and they do not create pollution. ( ① ) However, electric cars do present two significant problems. ( ② ) The batteries are heavy, and they do not hold a charge for very long. ( ③ ) One answer to these problems might be the creation of electric-charge stations. ( ④ ) Drivers would pull into these stations every few hundred miles and trade in their batteries for newly charged ones. Then these batteries would be recharged at the stations for other customers to use later.

【문11】 다음 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 어색한 것은?
Next morning in the bus coming back, I ① kept whispering to myself. " I am happy. I am happy. I am happy from the bottom of my heart." In fact, it was the abandoned people ② who helped me, not the other way around. They provided me ③ for the chance to reflect upon myself and true meaning of life. ④ As soon as I got home, I embraced and kissed my mom and dad. I shouted, " I love you," which is the greeting expression in Kkottongne. Now I believe that someone who helps others and feels satisfied with his or her own life is living the happiest life.

【문12】 다음 문장의 밑줄 친 부분 중 어법상 어색한 것은?
Walking ① home after the quarrel, he wondered ② whether honesty was always  ③ to be valued over ④ being kind.

【문13】 다음 대화에서 느낄 수 있는 분위기는?
 KAREN : You know, Charles, this really is a spooky place. I  actually began to get the creeps this morning - burying Uncle Claude in the rain and watching the  old sunken graves fill in with water -  remembering the Swamp Woman's story.
 CHARLES : Yes, there's nothing like an old ghost legend to start the imagination working.
 KAREN : I could almost feel the spirits of all the other Lacombes drifting in the mist around us ..... 
 CHARLES : And now this gloomy old house with the storm outside, and the lights gone out. It doesn't help to make things more cheerful!
① humorous
② eerie
③ whimsical
④ nostalgic

【문14】 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적합한 것은?
As a practicing warrior for many years, I am convinced of the complete futility of war. It settles only the problems of the past and creates the new problems of the future. There is no place in the world of today for the narrow competitive nationalism that sparks the tinder of war. I am convinced that the people of this planet must ultimately and inevitably move toward a single form of world government if civilization is to survive. But it is our immediate task to see that this world government comes as a mutual federation of free peoples rather than through the ruthless domination of a master state enslaving all others.
① Problems of the Past
② Why War Is Futile
③ Survival of Civilization
④ Securing a Worthy World Government

【문15】 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 문맥에 가장 어울리는 단어를 순서대로 짝지은 것은?
With the ______ of the holiday, all drivers should take extra _____ while driving.
① approach - precaution
② waning - care
③ proximity - leisure
④ duration - sleep

【문16】 이 글의 주제로 가장 적합한 것은?
One man's productivity, however, varies greatly from country to country. It depends on the amount of assistance the average worker is given in the form of machinery - that is to say, on the horsepower per head. It depends also - this may be a point of growing importance - on the spirit and stamina of the workers. The industrial workers of certain countries have been working under heavy strain for many years. During that time they have been badly fed. Moreover, the countries referred to have become dependent in a significant degree on slave labor, the inefficiency of which is notorious.
① machine productivity
② heavy strain
③ worker productivity
④ notorious slave labor

【문17】 다음 문장 중에서 어법에 알맞은 문장은?
① When have you returned from your trip?
② I will put off my departure if it will rain tomorrow.
③ I objected to being treated like a child.
④ This book is too difficult for me to read it.

【문18】 다음 글 전체의 내용을 가장 잘 요약한 것은?
  As the nature of the workplace changed, workers' organizations, or unions, changed too. A union was formed by workers to protect them when employers lowered wages or increased working hours. The idea behind the union was that one worker alone was weak, but many workers together were strong enough to stand up against an employer. In 1872, trade unions were made legal. These were largely local organizations, made up of skilled workers in the same trade who lived in the same city or neighborhood. These small local unions found that they could not hope to bargain with the huge national corporations that employed an increasing percentage of Canadian workers. In 1919, "The One Big Union" (which eventually failed) was created to organize all workers at a national level.
① Legal trade unions resulted in higher wages for workers.
② The first unions included everyone in a factory.
③ National unions grew with businesses after 1872.
④ Unions help workers stand up against an employer.

【문19】 다음 두 문장의 뜻이 같도록 빈 칸에 알맞은 말은?
They believe that he was rich.
=He is believed (   ) rich.
① to be
② only to be
③ to have been
④ so as to be

【문20】 다음 주어진 문장을 적절히 배열하여 대화문을 완성하시오.
(A) One of my friends got a ticket on his way to work.
(B) No doubt about it.
(C) It seems to me that there're still many reckless drivers.
(D) For what?
(E) He was caught holding up his cellphone while driving. The government launched a new law against, you know.
① (C)-(B)-(A)-(D)-(E)
② (E)-(B)-(D)-(A)-(C)
③ (B)-(C)-(E)-(D)-(A)
④ (A)-(D)-(E)-(C)-(B)

【문21】 다음 글의 어조로 가장 적절한 것은?
  My bed room is small but comfortable. The walls are covered with posters and banners of my favorite sports teams. On the left side there is a twin bed that I have had since I was ten years old. Next to the bed is my dresser. It is blue and white with gold knob. Beside the dresser is my bookshelf, which hold most of my schoolbooks. Across from the bookshelf you can see my closet. It's too small to hold all my clothes, so some of my stuff has a permanent residence on my chair. The clothes get wrinkled there but I don't mind. My mom doesn't like it because my room is so messy. So one of these days I'm going to clean it up and make her happy.
① critical
② descriptive
③ humorous
④ romantic

【문22】 다음 글이 말하고자 하는 바를 가장 잘 나타내는 것은?
My first drawing was not a picture of a hat. It was a picture of a boa snake that just swallowed up an elephant. But since the grown-ups were not able to understand it, I made another drawing: I draw the inside of the boa snake. Only then could the grown-ups understand my drawing. They always need to have thing explained. My second drawing looked like this.
But the grown-up's response was to advise me to lay aside my drawings of boas, whether from the inside or the outside, and devote myself to history grammar instead. That is why, at the age of six, I gave up what might have been a magnificent career as a painter. The fact is that grown-ups never understand anything by themselves, and it is tiresome for children to be always explaining things to them.
① Arts are likely to enrich our lives.
② Adults do not know how to appreciate arts.
③ Adults are easily misled by what's on the surface.
④ What's visible counts more than what's invisible.

【문23】 다음 글에서 문맥상 ( A )와 ( B )에 들어갈 말로 적절한 것은?
There is so much to learn, but so little time. Students generally want to take classes which they enjoy; they want to choose the courses they like. If students take courses they are interested in, students would be more motivated in the courses. ( A ), the lectures would be fun to listen to and the students would also probably have more confidence in courses they are studying. As a result, the possibility of getting good grades would be increased. ( B ), I think high school should allow students to study the courses that students want to study.
① (A) Therefore (B) In addition
② (A) Consequently (B) Therefore
③ (A) Consequently (B) By contrast
④ (A) For example  (B) In short

※다음 글을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.【문24-25】
Salmon is one of the most popular fresh fishes in the US. More than 23 million people eat it more than once a month. They usually can choose between wild salmon and those farm-raised breeds. Eighty-six percent of fresh salmon consumed and sold in the US is farm-raised, mostly imported from Chile and Canada. Nowadays, however, reports that some farm-raised salmon may be toxic have shoppers worried. In the study published by a top scientific journal, Dr. David Carfenter concluded that farm-raised salmon contained high levels of chemical contaminants, including PCBs and dioxins, which can cause cancer and eating farm salmon could increase one's risk of getting cancer. At the same time, he said "If a pregnant woman has these compounds in her body in excess, the child that's born will have a reduced IQ, will have a shortened attention span. And these compounds suppress the immune system, making one more vulnerable to infections. So I recommend that a consumer avoid eating farm salmon." But the recommendations have been disputed by the $60 billion farm salmon industry, concentrated in Norway, United Kingdom, Canada and Chile.

* PCB 폴리 염화 바이페닐 (Polychlorinated biphenyl)

【문24】 위 글의 내용으로 유추할 수 없는 것은?
① 천연 연어의 가격이 상승할 것으로 예상된다.
② 국가간 수산업 무역에 마찰이 일어날 가능성이 있다.
③ 양식 연어의 양식과정, 양식장 환경, 양식사료, 유통과정 등 에 문제가 있을 수 있다.
④ 양식연어와 천연연어 모두가 신생아의 주의집중에 유익하다.

【문25】 위 글의 제목으로 적절한 것은?
① Salmon : Wild or Farm-raised
② Salmon : Good or Bad
③ Salmon : The Most Delicious Fish
④ Salmon : Cheap or Expensive


1. ④ 2. ① 3. ④ 4. ③ 5. ④ 6. ① 7. ② 8. ② 9. ② 10. ③ 11. ③ 12. ④ 13. ② 14. ④ 15. ① 16. ③ 17. ③ 18. ③ 19. ③ 20. ④ 21. ② 22. ③ 23. ② 24. ④ 25. ①

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