2009년 3월 22일에 시행한 법원직 (법원서기보직) 9급 공무원 시험 영어 기출문제입니다.

【문 1】주어진 문장 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 올바른 것은?
“Cloud seeding" is a process used by several western state governments and private businesses, such as ski resorts, to increase the amount of rainfall or snow over a certain area.
(A) Then they measure a storm's clouds for temperature, wind, and composition. When the meteorologists determine that conditions are right, pilots are sent to "seed" the clouds with dry ice (frozen carbon dioxide). An aircraft flies above the clouds and dry ice pellets are dropped directly into them. Almost immediately, the dry ice begins attracting the clouds' moisture, which freezes to the dry ice's crystalline structure.
(B) Meteorologists use radar, satellites, and weather stations to track storm fronts.
(C) Precipitation drops from the clouds to the earth in the form of rain or snow.
① (C) - (B) - (A)
② (B) - (C) - (A)
③ (B) - (A) - (C)
④ (A) - (B) - (C)

【문 2】다음 밑줄 친 단어(A)와 뜻이 통하지 않는 단어는?
Any headache can make you miserable, but a migraine can be excruciating. More than 28 million Americans suffer from migraine headaches. Their frequency and severity varies from person to person, but they strike women three times more often than men. And if there is a history of migraine in your family, there is an 80 percent chance you will have them as well. It's important for migraine sufferers to avoid certain triggers, smoking, or certain foods that may have triggered their headaches in the past. Regular aerobic exercise is highly recommended to reduce (A)tension and to help prevent migraines.
① strain
② anxiety
③ calmness
④ nervousness

【문 3】다음 각 문장 중 밑줄 친 단어의 쓰임이 적절치 않은 것은?
① I can watch TV and talk on the phone at the same time.
(나는 동시에 TV도 보고 전화도 할 수 있어)
② We offer a wide arrange of skincare products.
(저희는 다양한 종류의 스킨 케어 제품들을 보유하고 있습니다.)
③ I am sorry to bother you, but what time do you think you'll be done with your work?
(귀찮게 해서 미안하지만, 몇 시쯤 일이 끝날 거 같아?)
④ Can you make sure he gets the message?
(그 사람에게 메시지를 꼭 전달해 주시겠습니까?)

【문 4】다음 주어진 문장들을 문맥상 가장 적절한 순서로 배열한 것은?
ⓐ It is caused by factories that burn coal, oil or gas.
ⓑ The wind often carries the smoke far from these factories.
ⓒ Acid rain is a kind of air pollution.
ⓓ These factories send smoke high into the air.
① ⓒ→ⓐ→ⓓ→ⓑ
② ⓑ→ⓐ→ⓒ→ⓓ
③ ⓒ→ⓓ→ⓑ→ⓐ
④ ⓑ→ⓒ→ⓐ→ⓓ

【문 5】다음 글의 밑줄 친 ①~④중 어법상 잘못된 것은?
 Among the most tragic accidents are ①those involving guns. Each year, about five thousand people under the age of twenty die because of firearms. One in ten of these deaths is said to be accidental, many of them caused by children who find ②loading guns in their homes. Nearly half of all American households have guns, and often, instead of being locked up, they are just hidden or even left in a drawer, filled with ammunition. Accidental gun injuries have become so ③prevalent that the American Medical Association advises doctors to make a point of talking with patients who are gun owners about using safety locks on their guns and storing ammunition ④separately.
① those involving
② loading guns
③ prevalent
④ separately

【문 6】빈 칸에 어울리는 속담으로 가장 적절한 것은?
You're aware of the health benefits of eating fresh vegetables, you have the space for a small garden, but just don't know where to start? Look no further. Here's all you need to know to put fresh, crisp vegetables on your dinner table.

First, think small. __________. It's like starting out an exercise program by running five miles the first day. You get tired, sore and you quit. Likewise, if you plant a huge garden the first year, you'll curse, cuss and turn your sore back on gardening for good. So, if you're new to gardening, start off with a garden no larger than 8' X 10.' You can always expand later if you can't get enough of those fresh, crispy vegetables.

Choose a location that receives as much sun as possible throughout the day. Northern gardeners should insist on full sun. Now you're ready to work up the soil. You can rent a rear tine tiller or borrow one from a friend or neighbor for this task.
① The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence. 
② Scratch my back and I'll scratch yours.
③ You reap what you sow. 
④ Don't bite off more than you can chew.

【문 7】다음 글을 쓴 사람의 심정으로 가장 알맞은 것은?
Rainforests are home to more than half of the world's plants and animals. Rainforests used to cover as much as 14% of the Earth's land. Now they cover less than 6%. The problem is that the rainforests are being destroyed. The amount being destroyed each minute would fill 20 football fields. And about 50,000 species of rainforest animals and plants are disappearing every year. This means they will all be gone by the time you grow up unless we save them with your help!
① exited
② pleasant
③ relieved
④ worried

【문 8】다음 글의 전개 방식으로 가장 적절한 것은?
 With the arrival of twentieth-century technology, medical professions were able to think seriously about creating artificial replacements for damaged human hearts that no longer functioned effectively. In 1957, Dr. Willem Kolff created the first artificial heart and implanted it in a dog, who promptly died from the experiment. Still, animal research continued, and, in 1969, Dr. Denton Cooley implanted the first artificial heart into the body of a human. The device, made largely of plastic, only had to function for a brief period of time, while the patient awaited a transplanted human heart. In 1979, Dr. Robert Jarvik patented the first artificial heart. Three years later, the Jarvik heart, as it came to be called, was implanted in the body of Barney Clark, a retired dentist dying of heart disease. Clark lived for 112 days after the surgery, and his survival raised hopes for the future success of artificial hearts.
① time order
② cause and effect
③ classification
④ definition

【문 9】밑줄 친 빈칸에 들어가기에 가장 적절한 단어는?
Q : When praised, Koreans often insist they did nothing deserving of praise. Why do you do this instead of accepting the praise and saying Thank you.?
A : This is done out of _____; in other words, we feel like we are not deserving of so much praise. However, don't think that Koreans really dislike being praised. Even though we react this way, we very much appreciate the compliment.
① responsibility
② modesty
③ condemnation
④ confidence

【문10】다음 글에서 밑줄 친 This가 가리키는 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?
This is a gift given by physical or legal persons, typically for charitable purposes and/or to benefit a cause. This may take various forms, including cash, services, new or used goods including but not limited to clothing, toys, food, vehicles, it also may consist of emergency, relief or humanitarian aid items, development aid support, and can also relate to medical care needs as i.e. blood or organs for transplant. Charitable gifts of goods or services are also called gifts in kind.
① operation
② donation
③ fund
④ volunteering

【문11】글의 흐름상 다음 문장이 들어갈 곳으로 가장 적절한 곳은?
 This is the keystone.
The Romans have just invented a new building technique: the arch. It is the strongest way to support walls and bridges. A master builder explains the process. ㉮ "First, take some stone blocks and shape them as wedges. ㉯ Take another stone and shape it to fit perfectly in the middle of the arch. ㉰ Use wood to hold the wedges together until the keystone can be placed in the middle. ㉱ Finally, put stones on top of the wedges and build up the entire wall."
① ㉮
② ㉯
③ ㉰
④ ㉱

【문12】다음 글의 빈 칸에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것은?
 Increasing numbers of Americans are turning to hypnosis to stop smoking or to lose weight. Similarly, arthritis sufferers are using acupuncture, an ancient method of Chinese healing, to gain some relief from their pain. Cancer patients have also been using nontraditional treatments like creative visualization to fight their disease. Some cancer sufferers, for example, imagine themselves as huge and powerful sharks. They imagine their cancer cells as much smaller fish that easily fall prey to the larger and more dangerous sharks. Even some businesses are supporting nontraditional medical treatments and encouraging employees to use ______ to ward off migraine headaches and high blood pressure.
① mediation
② meditation
③ mutilation
④ medication

【문13】다음 글의 주제로 가장 적절한 것은?
Infants spend most of their days fast asleep. In the period immediately after birth, newborns sleep an average of sixteen hours per day. But the amount they sleep decreases steadily with each passing month. By the age of six months, babies average about thirteen to fourteen hours of sleep per day. By twenty-four months, they average only eleven or twelve hours per day. In short, babies sleep a lot, but the amount of sleep they need decreases over time.
① reasonable amount of sleep
② the sleep patterns of infants
③ the habits of newborns
④ the development of infants

【문14】밑줄 친 부분의 어법상 쓰임이 바르지 않은 것은?
For instance, American college students expect to live longer, stay ①married longer, and travel to Europe more often than average. They believe they are more likely to have a gifted child, ②to own their own home, and to appear in the newspaper, and less likely to have a heart attack, venereal disease, a drinking problem, an auto accident, a broken bone, or gum disease. Americans of all ages expect their futures to be an improvement on their presents, and although citizens of other nations are not quite optimistic as Americans, they also tend to imagine that their futures will be brighter than ③that of their peers. These overly optimistic expectations about our personal futures are not easily ④undone: Experiencing an earthquake causes people to become temporarily realistic about their risk of dying in a future disaster, but within a couple of weeks even earthquake survivors return to their normal level of unfounded optimism.
① married
② to own
③ that
④ undone

【문15】다음 글의 밑줄 친 칸에 들어가기에 적절한 단어는?
Take the case of two people who are watching a football game. One person, who has very little understanding of football, sees merely a bunch of grown men hitting each other for no apparent reason. _____________ person, who loves football, sees complex play patterns, daring coaching strategies, effective blocking and tackling techniques, and zone defenses with "seams" that the receivers are trying to "split." Both persons have their eyes glued to the same event, but they are perceiving two entirely different situations. The perceptions differ because each person is actively selecting, organizing, and interpreting the available stimuli in different ways.
① Other
② Some
③ The other
④ This one

【문16】필자가 주장하는 바로 가장 적절한 것은?
Among life's cruelest truths is this one: Wonderful things are especially wonderful the first time they happen, but their wonderfulness wanes with repetition. Just compare the first and last time your child said "Mama" or your partner said "I love you" and you'll know exactly what I mean. When you have an experience―hearing a particular sonata, making love with a particular person, watching the sun set from a particular window of a particular room― on successive occasions, we quickly begin to adapt to it, and the experience yields less pleasure each time. Psychologists call this habituation, economists call it declining marginal utility, and the rest of us call it marriage.
① 성공적인 대화는 공감을 바탕으로 이루어진다.
② 아무리 좋은 일도 반복되면 식상해 진다.
③ 치밀한 계획을 세우자.
④ 성공은 좌절을 극복함으로써 얻을 수 있다.

【문17】(A),(B),(C)에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절하게 짝지어진 것은?
Clouds darken from a pleasant soft white just before rain begins to fall because they absorb more light. Clouds normally appear white when the light that strikes them is (A)concentrated/scattered by the small ice or water particles from which they are composed. However, when the size of these ice and water particles (B)decreases/increases―as it does just before clouds begin to deposit rain―this scattering of light is increasingly (C)replaced/developed by absorption. As a result, much less light reaches the observer on the ground below and the clouds look darker.
       (A)               (B)              (C)
① concentrated …  decreases … developed
② scattered … increases … replaced
③ concentrated …  increases  …  developed
④ scattered …  decreases … replaced

【문18】다음 글의 흐름으로 보아 밑줄 친 단어의 쓰임이 적절하지 않은 것은?
For everywhere we look, there is work to be done. The state of the economy ①calls for action, bold and swift, and we will act not only to create new jobs, but to lay a new foundation for growth. We will build the roads and bridges, the electric grids and digital lines that ②bolster our commerce and bind us together. We will restore science to its rightful place, and wield technology's wonders to ③erode health care's quality and lower its cost. We will harness the sun and the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and ④run our factories. And we will transform our schools and colleges and universities to meet the demands of a new age. All this we can do. And all this we will do.
① calls for
② bolster
③ erode
④ run

【문19】다음 글의 빈칸에 들어갈 연결어로 가장 적절한 것은?
In order to live well after you stop working, you should begin saving for retirement early. Experts suggest that after you retire, you will need 75 percent to 80 percent of your salary to live on every month. ________ , if you make $3,000 per month while working, you will need between $2,250 and $2,400 per month to live on during retirement. This calculation assumes that you have no mortgage on a house to continue paying, or any other major expenses. However, many retired people now rent their housing, and so they will pay more money in housing costs over time. Older people now also have to spend more on health care because they live longer; many people in developed countries now live into their eighties or nineties.
① Conversely
② Likewise
③ In other words
④ Furthermore

【문20】다음 글의 밑줄 친 빈칸에 들어가기에 가장 적절한 것은?
We normally think of the expressions on our face as the reflection of an inner state. I feel happy, so I smile. I feel sad, so I frown. Emotion goes inside-out. Emotional contagion, though, suggests that the opposite is also true. If I can make you smile, I can make you happy. If I can make you frown, I can make you sad. Emotion, in this sense, goes outside-in. If we think about emotion this way  ―as outside-in, not inside-out― it is possible to understand how some people can have an enormous amount of ________ over others. Some of us, after all, are very good at expressing emotions and feelings, which means that we are far more emotionally contagious than the rest of us.
① feelings
② actions
③ fluency
④ influence

【문21】밑줄 친 (A)가 가리키는 바를 본문에서 바르게 찾은 것은?
In discussing the relative difficulties of analysis which the exact and inexact sciences face, let me begin with an analogy. Would you agree that (A)swimmers are less skillful athletes than runners because swimmers do not move as fast as runners? You probably would not. You would quickly point out that water offers greater resistance to swimmers than the air and ground do to runners. Agreed, that is just the point. In seeking to solve their problems, the social scientists encounter greater resistance than the physical scientists. By that I do not mean to belittle the great accomplishments of physical scientists who have been able, for example, to determine the structure of atom without seeing it. That is a tremendous achievement; yet in many ways it is not so difficult as what the social scientists are expected to do.
① runners
② social scientists
③ physical scientists
④ athletes

【문22】다음 글의 마지막에 느꼈을 I의 심경으로 가장 적절한 것은?
To my mother, it was a big occasion to give me a ride to the college for my freshman year. She wore one of her "outfits"―a purple pantsuit, a scarf, high heels, and sunglasses, and she insisted that I wear a white shirt and a necktie. "You're starting college, not going fishing," she said. Together we would have stood out badly enough in Pepperville Beach, but remember, this was college in the mid-60s, where the less correctly you were dressed, the more you were dressed correctly. So when we finally got to campus and stepped out of our Chevy station wagon, we were surrounded by young women in sandals and peasant skirts, and young men in tank tops and shorts, their hair worn long over their ears. And there we were, a necktie and a purple pantsuit, and I felt, once more, that my mother was shining ridiculous light on me.
① fascinated
② delighted
③ embarrassed
④ indifferent

【문23】다음 글의 어조로 가장 알맞은 것은?
Will you get more sick if you exercise while you have a cold? In one experiment, a team of researchers injected a group of fifty students with rhinovirus, and then had part of the group run, climb stairs, or cycle at moderate intensity for forty minutes every other day, while the second group remained relatively sedentary. They found that the exercise regimen neither eased nor worsened symptoms of the common cold. Several similar studies conducted elsewhere have found the same thing. Doctors refer to a good rule of thumb as the neck check. It's safe to exercise if you have only "above the neck" symptoms, like a runny nose or sneezing. If your symptoms are "below the neck"―a fever or diarrhea―you're better off sitting it out for a few days.
*rhinovirus 감기의 주된 바이러스
① humorous
② emotional
③ persuasive
④ informative

【문24】다음 글의 목적으로 가장 적절한 것은?
I was not aware that the quality of university education in England is in decline until I read your article. The situation appears similar in Japan, where I lecture in English. I find many students ill-prepared for university education. Many lack the necessary intellectual abilities, while many more have very little interest in actually learning anything. Why do parents pay so much money for an education when their children are too lazy to study? Parents often force their children into university not to challenge them academically but simply for the social prestige and reputation associated with certain universities.
① 대학생들의 적극적인 수업 참여도를 높이려고
② 자녀교육에 대한 부모의 잘못된 가치관을 지적하려고
③ 고등교육의 질을 향상시키는 프로그램을 제안하려고
④ 사회적 신분과 대학 순위 간의 상관관계를 설명하려고

【문25】다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은?
Are you keen to discover new music, but put off by most of the stuff you hear? Then visit MusicAll. It's a cunning website that allows users to recommend music to one another based on shared tastes. As a member you upload a playlist of your own favorite tunes: the site then makes recommendations based on the music enjoyed by other people who also like those tracks. It will also make suggestions based on what you're listening to at the time; you can listen to clips of the recommendations to see whether they appeal. If so, you can download them for free. The more you put into the site, the more useful it becomes. 
① Music Can Contribute To Your Life
② What You'd Like To Recommend For A Change
③ Share Opinions about Music at the Website
④ How To Make An Appealing Website


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